El Palmeral

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Type of protected nature area: Nature Reserves Near Towns

If there is one element that characterises our city it is undoubtedly the Palm Grove. Elche may not be fully understood without taking into consideration its palm trees, which have made up its unique urban landscape for over 1000 years.

With more than 200,000 trees, it is the largest in Europe. Although when contemplated from a distance it may appear to be a veritable forest, it is actually a plantation with an agriculture purpose, and thus its plots or groupings, are referred to as groves. Each of the groves is flanked by rows of palm trees, in such a way that, when viewed from the air, they form a grid pattern.

The origins of the Palm Grove date back to the X century, when the Arabs relocated the city to its current site. The Moorish cultivation methods employed have survived to the present day.

The Palm Grove of Elche was recognized by UNESCO which declared it a World Heritage Site in the year 2000.

 

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